A member of an archives team works on a large architectural drawing by Basil Spence. The drawing is being carefully laid out onto a white table.

What does a frolicking fawn, a miniature cannon and a perspective of Coventry Cathedral all have in common?

Well – they are a few of the numerous objects from Historic Environment Scotland’s Archive that are on display in the Scottish Design Galleries at the new V&A Museum in Dundee.

Fellow paper conservator Lynn Teggart and I have been busy preparing 17 items for display. You can get a sneak preview below!

What’s on Display?

Size-wise the objects range from a teeny 28 mm relief of a bearded man to a whopping drawing of the now-demolished Hutchesontown C flats in Glasgow by architect Sir Basil Spence.

An intricate wooden carving of a bearded man. The man has long curly hair and a curly beard and mustache. He appears to be laughing heartily.

Small item, huge impact. This chap, carved intricately into wood, is the smallest item that will be on display from our holdings.


The small items were all made by the Carron Company, a Stirlingshire based business that produced iron work ranging from cookers and post boxes to real cannons!

An intricate metal model of an old-fashioned cannon.

Ready, aim, fire! A real-sized canon would have proved quite challenging for load bearing in the new V&A building, but this wee fellow fits the bill perfectly…


The HES Archive is lucky to hold a beautiful collection of drawings and medallions. The work selected for the V&A demonstrates the different processes the company used in the development of ideas and the production of objects.

A small red wax seal containing intricate, classical-looking artwork. A nude lady is shown interacting with a bearded man. The man has a tail which suggests this may be a representation of the Devil.

It’s quite the seal of approval for items from the HES Archive to be exhibited in a building of international importance. This was seal is not much bigger than a £2 coin…


As conservators the challenge was to assess the condition of each of the tiny objects and ensure they would be safe to travel and display in the new museum.

Each object had to be meticulously checked and documented, then packed carefully before the sixty-mile journey north from our Edinburgh archive.  They were checked again on arrival and then delicately placed into their display case.  It gave us a fantastic sneak preview of the amazing exhibition space.

A box of objects is being unpacked on to a table at a museum. Each object is individually numbered and wrapped in white protective material.

Destination Dundee: the grand arrival of HES archive objects at the City of Discovery, ready for unpacking and discovery by millions of visitors.

My favourite item

My personal favourite item in the exhibition is Sir Basil Spence’s perspective of the Hutchesontown C flats in the Gorbals area of Glasgow. At an amazing 2.491 metres in length this huge drawing conveys the ambition of Spence, Glover and Ferguson’s housing plans. It’s a key example of 1960s architectural thinking and design.

Plans for housing in 1960s Glasgow. The plans show 4 interconnected 10-storey tower blocks. There are many intricate details including would-be occupants of the flats shopping, gardening and hanging out laundry.

I first conserved this item as a recently qualified conservator in 2007.  It is a fascinating object, a combination of an unusual printing technique which is gold on the back and black with pencil and charcoal on the front. The drawing is comprised of six sheets of transparent paper, all attached together with sticky tape.

Normally tape is removed by paper conservators as an unwanted (and unsuitable!) repair that the architects themselves did back in the day. In this case the architects deliberately used tape so we treat it as an intrinsic, valuable part of the object.

Gold detail which appears on the back of an architect's plan

The amazing gold backing to the Hutchesontown C drawing


I love this drawing. Even though the flats are no longer there, Spence’s vision for a high rise utopia is clear.  He was quoted as saying

“I planned the hanging gardens so that mothers could put their children and their washing out in the fresh air without going all the way to the ground”

I especially enjoy discovering the details.  If you get the chance, do visit Dundee and spot the washing being hung out to dry, the family out shopping and the man tending to his plants on the 15th floor!

Detail from an architect's plan showing a lady hanging out laundry on her balcony. A second lady is having a conversation with her from the balcony below.

A good day for drying the washing and having a blether…


Detail from an architect's plan of high-rise flats. At ground level parents and children are heading out for the day. On the balconies above some neighbours are chatting .

Out and about with the bairns…


Detail from an architect's plan for high rise flats. A man is tending to his plants on one of the balconies.

A spot of high rise gardening…


Historic Environment Scotland is responsible for managing and protecting over 32,000 objects and artefacts held at 150 properties and region stores across Scotland. Discover historic objects, works of art and archaeological artefacts found at sites ranging from prehistoric villages to Victorian mills in our Properties in Care collections. More than 480,000 images, videos and audio files on material culture and human history are available on Scran and and information for 300,000 historic places in Scotland can be found on Canmore


About Author


Elizabeth Hepher

Elizabeth Hepher ACR is part of the paper conservation team at Historic Environment Scotland. She has worked with the collection for over ten years and loves all things paper.